The Africanis is a medium built dog that is very agile, intelligent and mild mannered. Contrary to its name, the breed did not originate in Africa. History suggests the Africanis were present some 4700 years ago in Egypt. This breed spread along the Nile and Sahara some 2700 years later. The breed was imported in South Africa some 1000 years ago and called Africanis.
This dog is has a well built structure, the body is longer than taller. The coat is short and soft. Africanis body is well built to support its supple and agile movements. The body structure also helps the dogs very fast speed. This dog has a wedge-shaped head and expressive face.
This dog breed is unique in the sense that it was not bred for appearance. It has survived through very harsh conditions on its own and have become very adaptable to harsh conditions. As this breed roamed around villages, valleys of Africa, it has a natural liking for both human companionship and space.
The Africanis dogs are found in different colours and markings. They are friendly, gentle and get along well with other dogs. They have a natural instinct for hunting. This dog breed makes good companion dogs.
This breed is not recognized by AKC or any other recognized Kennel Club but a separate society by the name of 'The Africanis Society of Southern Africa was formed to conserve this ancient breed. The Society works to conserve an ancient dog and not to develop the breed or artificially breed dogs for selective characteristics.
The Africanis are found in many different colours. Since this breed is not selectively bred, it comes in a variety of colours. Some very common colours are white, brown, red and black, with or without markings.
The coat is short and soft.
The Africanis dog is friendly, loyal, agile and intelligent. It has a natural liking for human companionship. This dog is very adaptable and can adjust in most conditions. It is friendly, mild mannered, gentle yet sometimes territorial. This dog is very trainable. It gets along with other dogs very well and generally treats them as part of a pack. It can be wary and territorial around unknown people or animals.
Africanis have a coat that is very easy to take care of. The short, non-dense coat requires brushing once a week and bath every two weeks.
This dog breed has been in wilderness for thousands of years, feeding on every thing. This natural evolution has made this dog very resistant to disease. It is generally very healthy dog breed.
This dog is very trainable. It is intelligent and eager to learn. This breed has natural learning traits due to their long journey through harsh and hard conditions which require constant adaptability.
The dog can be trained to be a great pet dog.
The Africanis dogs always need physical activities as they are naturally used to it. A long daily walk and some free play in a safe area is a must for this dog breed.