The Beauceron dog breed originates and has been a known dog type for centuries in France and Western Europe, but to this day is still virtually unknown to the western world. Their history is long and believed to date back to 1578. Pierre Megnin founded the breed by distinguishing two sheepdog breeds with short and long coats in 1893: The Berger de la Brie (Briard) and the Berger de Beauce(Beauceron). The breed was named after a region of France named Beauce. Beauceron are nicknamed Bas Rouge (meaning: Red Stocking) because of the colored markings on the dog's legs. It is believed to be part of a Doberman's ancestry and the two breeds do have a lot of similar characteristics. The Beauceron was used to deliver messages, detect traps, find wounded soldiers, and carry food and ammunition during the two major wars in Europe. This dog breed is a serious worker and is often used in modern society as a Herding or Guard dog. The Beauceron dog breed has recently been fully recognized by the American Kennel Club.
A typical Beauceron is black and tan. Their whole body is covered in black hair, with tan markings on the legs, chest, under the tail and on the face.
The coat of a Beauceron is short and doesn't require much grooming at all. Brushing occasionally when the dog is shedding does a fine job.
The Beauceron is very protective. They are highly territorial and will not tolerate intruders or potentially harmful strangers; thus making them a great guard dog. The dog breed is very energetic, active and doesn't like to be alone for long periods of time.
Generally a very healthy dog breed, some Beaucerons may be prone to bloat as well as hip dysplasia. The dog needs to be given a lot of exercise and will not be satisfied with a walk around the block. The breed doesn't require much grooming, but the occasional brush will be good for the dog's natural coat.
The dog has a natural tendency to herd anything and anyone in sight unless trained to do otherwise! A Beauceron needs to be socialized with other animals and children to ensure that problems will not present themselves when introduced to other pets or children.
As a herding dog this animal needs a lot of exercise and space to run wild. If you don't have time to take your dog to a park and let them run free several times per week, then the Beauceron is probably not the best suited breed for you. They enjoy knowing who is boss and following their master's orders! A Beauceron makes a great companion for an active lifestyle.