Cao da Serra da Estrela
Breeding group : Non-Sporting
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GENERALBreed group: Non-Sporting Type: Pure Breed
Talent: Guarding, Herding, Watchdog
PHYSICALSize: Large Weight: 80-130 lbs Fur length: Ears: Flappy Fur type: Straight
Fur Color: Black & Brown, Dark Brown / Chocolate, Gray / Salt & Pepper, Light Brown / Golden, Merle / Spotted / Brindle / Speckled
ATTRIBUTESLife Expectancy: 12-14 years Rarity: Uncommon Availability: Hard to find
Climate: Not good for cold climate
One of the oldest breeds or Purtugal, the Cão da Serra da Estrela is also known as Estrela Mountain dog and Portuguese Shepherd. It has been used for hundred of years in mountains of Portugal to guard herds. It is a strong breed that has adapted itself to match the extreme weather conditions of the mountains. The dog stands between 25.5 to 28.5 inches tall and weighs between 88-110 pounds. It comes in two types of coats. One type is long coat that is thick and slightly coarse from the outside. It lies closely to the body and may be flat or slightly wavy. Undercoat is very dense and lighter in colour than outer coat. The other type is short coat with thick and slightly coarse hair and comes with shorter dense under coat. This dog is NOT recognized by AKC.
The two types of coats come in Fawn, wolf gray and yellow with or without brindle pattern, white markings or shedding of black throughout the coat. All colours have a dark facial mask, preferably black.
The long coat type has coarse, thick and slightly wavy or flat hair but never curly. The dense under coat comes in lighter colour than the outer coat. The short type of coat is coarse with thick and shorter under coat.
The Cão da Serra da Estrela or Estrela Mountain Dog is loyal and loving to its owners and aloof to strangers. This dog is very intelligent and alert and has protective instincts. This dog makes an excellent watch and guard dog. It is a large and athletic dog that is a formidable opponent for any predator and will protect its family, specially children, and possessions fearlessly. Socialization and training from early age is necessary for this dog to be trustworthy and compatible with other dogs and pets. It is not a breed for any dog owner rather it requires a firm, confident and experienced handler who can demonstrate true packleader skills or this dog will try to become packleader itself.
Long coat requires more grooming than short coat.
The dog is trainable through proper training methods and a firm yet gentle trainer.
It needs lots of exercise in order to burn off its excess energy. This dog will need work to do or a large open space to run and play freely.