Cao de Fila de Sao Miguel
Breeding group : Herding
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GENERALBreed group: Herding Type: Pure Breed
Talent: Agility, Competitive obedience, Guarding, Herding, Obedience, Tracking, Watchdog
PHYSICALSize: Large Weight: 55-75 lbs Fur length: Ears: Pointy Fur type: Straight
Fur Color: Black, Dark Brown / Chocolate, Gray / Salt & Pepper, Light Brown / Golden, Merle / Spotted / Brindle / Speckled
ATTRIBUTESLife Expectancy: 12-14 years Rarity: Uncommon Availability: Hard to find
Climate: Not good for cold climate
The Cão de Fila de São Miguel is also known as Azores Cattle Dog or Saint Miguel Cattle Dog. This medium size working dog has documented evidence of existence since the beginning of the 19th century. It is used by farmers for guarding, herding and even as companion dog. The breed is descendent of now extinct Terceira Dog. This robust and hardy dog is not only a working breed but is also a very capable family pet with proper socialization. The dog stands between 19.5 to 23.5 inches and weighs between 55-75 lbs. This robust and hardy dog is slightly longer than tall. It has a strong head with broad and square shaped skull. Nose is wide and black with straight muzzle while medium size expressive eyes are oval shaped and set slightly sunken. Ears are set above the level of the eyes; when not cropped they are of medium size, triangular and dropping but not touching to the cheeks. They are cropped with rounded tips in countries where ear cropping is not forbidden. Neck is straight, strong and medium length. Body is strong and well muscled with broad chest and straight back. Tail is medium length, thick and set high. Legs are strong and long. Coat is short, smooth and dense and comes in brindle of brown or grey with black. The dog is NOT recognized by AKC however it is recognized by FCI.
The dog comes in brindle of brown or grey with black. White markings on chin to chest and forehead are acceptable as well as on fore feet or hind feet or any or all feet.
The coat is short, smooth, dense with harsh texture with a short fringe on the tail and on the backs of the rear legs.
The Cão de Fila de São Miguel is a large rustic working dog that is very loyal, friendly and obedient to its master but suspicious of strangers. This dog is very intelligent and quick learner and can be a very good pet with an experienced owner. It is a herding dog par excellence as well as a great guardian of its property and people. Its intelligence is evident by the fact that the dog bites the milking cattle lower so as not to damage mammary glands but when dealing with stray cattle, it bites higher to drive the cattle in the right direction. It is very receptive dog that will fully carry out the orders of its owner. Though very determined and hostile to strangers, the dog is very docile to its master and will try to follow its commands to the fullest. It creates a strong bond with its master. Early socialization with people, places and animals is very important if the dog is to be kept as family pet. It must be given regular exercises and a job to do to keep the dog busy. With proper training and socialization, this dog makes a very loyal family pet and watch/guard dog.
Short coat is easy to maintain with brushing required once or twice a week.
The Cão de Fila de São Miguel is receptive and docile to its master and may not be a difficult dog to train. With right owner, who establishes himself as dog's true packleader, it should train without much problem. Training has to be consistent. This energetic dog can take part in dog sports such as dog agility, flyball, obedience, tracking and herding.
This dog needs work to do. It is very energetic breed and needs lots of physical and mental stimulation. The dog will need to be taken for daily long walks and provided with lots of playing and running opportunities.