Breeding group : Herding
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GENERALBreed group: Herding Type: Pure Breed
Talent: Agility, Competitive obedience, Guarding, Herding, Obedience, Search & rescue, Sighting, Tracking, Tricks, Watchdog
PHYSICALSize: Large Weight: 50 75 lbs Fur length: Ears: Pointy Fur type: Straight
Fur Color: 3 Colors, Black & Brown, Black & White, Brown & White, Gray / Salt & Pepper, Merle / Spotted / Brindle / Speckled
ATTRIBUTESLife Expectancy: About 12 ÃÂ 16 years. Rarity: Common Availability: Hard to find
Climate: Not good for warm climate
There are three different varieties of Collie based primarily on coat appearance: Collie (Smooth and Rough), Border Collie and Bearded Collie. The Smooth and Rough Collie are considered by the AKC as varieties of the same breed and therefore are judged by the same standard with the exception of the coat. Considered to be one of the most beautiful of dogs because of his elegant appearance, the Collies great beauty has made them one of the favorite show dogs.
Collies come in four basic coat colors; 'Sable and White' where the 'Sable' ranges from pale tan to a golden mahogany; 'Tri-color', black with white and tan markings; 'Blue Merle' and 'White', which is predominantly white with mottled gray colored patches.
This breed comes in two coat varieties; Smooth Coated, looks like he has a crew cut and the Rough Coated, with the only difference being the length of his coat. The Rough Coated has a straight, harsh outer coat over a soft, furry undercoat. Both varieties have same coloration.
The Collie has a very stable and well-mannered temperament and is generally considered not aggressive. This breed is very intelligent and trustworthy but they do tend to be wary of strangers. Very devoted and protective of his family, it is an excellent children's companion and a great watchdog.
Generally healthy dogs the Collies breeds may are prone to PRA (progressive retina atrophy) and hip dysplasia leading to acute lameness and arthritis, they are also sensitive to various drugs. Obviously the smooth variety does not require as much grooming as rough. The short and stiff coat of the Smooth Collie requires brushing weekly while the Rough variety requires daily brushing. In the spring and summer this breed sheds heavily. Monthly baths are recommended as their long coat traps dirt easily.
This very intelligent breed has an obedient nature and is one of the easiest to train. This willful dog must be trained gently to avoid shyness and refusal to cooperate with his owner. The Collie has been trained as a search and rescue dog, guide for the blind, movie star, and as a guard dog.
The Collie will do okay in apartment life as long as they are sufficiently exercised. They are relatively inactive indoors while energetic outdoors, this large breed does best with at least a medium sized yard.