Breeding group : Toy
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GENERALBreed group: Toy Type: Pure Breed
Talent: Agility, Tricks, Watchdog
PHYSICALSize: Small Weight: 3-7 lbs Fur length: Ears: Pointy Fur type: Straight
Fur Color: Black, Black & Brown, Black & White, Brown & White, Dark Brown / Chocolate, Light Brown / Golden, White / Cream
ATTRIBUTESLife Expectancy: About 15 years Rarity: Common Availability: Easily available
Climate: Not good for warm climate
The Pomeranian originated in what is now part of Germany and Poland but in the past was called Pomerania. They were bred purely for companionship and are considered a German Spitz breed of dog. They are tiny little guys that were once of medium size and weighed up to 30 lbs! They were used to herd sheep in the late 18th century and around this time period, English nobility began to own these dogs which boosted their popularity in England. These dogs were prized for their appearance and were bred to be smaller and smaller where today they weigh roughly 7 lbs. This breed has a fluffy thick coat and a small pointy muzzle resembling a fox! They have a tightly curled tail which wraps around itself to touch their back, and slender legs giving them a jolly gait. The Pomeranian has small triangular ears that are pointed upward and large dark eyes giving them an overall kind expression. These dogs are full of personality and despite their size, will act as though they were a large breed! Independent, smart, and alert, the Pomeranian is an animated breed that will keep their owners on their toes! These dogs are entertaining and love to receive attention from their owners, but will not be a clingy breed. Their independent nature allows them a chance to spend family time together but can be on their own exploring or playing by themselves. The Pomeranian will make great family pets because they get along well with other dogs and cats, but should not be around young children as they can become intolerant.
The Pomeranian comes in any color but the most popular are the black, tan, brown, orange, blue, and white. They can also be a spotted pattern called 'parti' and most common will be a gray and tan or a black and tan.
This breed has a thick, fluffy double layered coat. The outer layer is soft, long and wispy and the inner layer is thick and plush protecting them well from the colder temperatures. They will need to be brushed about two to three times per week as their coat will require more grooming due to its length and texture. Monthly trims will be needed to keep their coat looking immaculate.
The Pomeranian is a merry little dog that is playful, confident and loves to explore their surroundings. They are a curious, loyal breed that will be a joy to own. Perfect for families and also for people that live in smaller spaces because they don't require too much room as they are a tiny dog weighing a maximum of 7 lbs! The Pom is an affectionate breed that has an independent streak and will enjoy time to themselves. These dogs can be quick to learn new tricks and have a high motivation to please their owners. This breed will make great watchdogs because their bark is loud and distinct. They are notorious for becoming quite barky but with strict training, this can be avoided. The Pom has an infectiously happy personality and will make friends wherever they go. They require too much room as they are a tiny dog weighing a maximum of 7 lbs! The Pom is an affectionate breed that has an independent streak and will enjoy time to themselves. These dogs can be quick to learn new tricks and have a high motivation to please their owners.
The Pomeranian will need to be brushed at least 2-3 times per week and should be bathed about every 3 months but this varies on the owners preferences. These dogs are prone to luxating patella's, heart problems, eye problems such as cataracts, skin allergies and a collapsing trachea. Hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and hypothyroidism can also be genetic diseases the Pom can inherit.
The Pomeranian is a breed that despite their small size, can be difficult to train so owners will need to be very consistent and firm. Positive methods will be needed because these dogs already have the desire to please their owners, they just have more important things on their mind than obedience. Poms can pick up little tricks quickly as they are quite intelligent, but housetraining and obedience lessons will need to be repetitive and firm in order for this dog to understand them.
These dogs will need about half an hour of exercise per day. They burn off most of their energy throughout the day so will not need extensive activity to tire them out. Pomeranians are very small dogs and will do very well in an apartment because they take up such little space. A back yard is not needed as long as they are taken out daily!